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Person Holding Allergy Medicine Bottle.

Tips on Managing an Allergic Reaction in Any Situation

Person Holding Allergy Medicine Bottle.

An allergic reaction is one of the most common health issues1 and can range in cause and severity. It is estimated that 30-40% of people have some sort of allergy, and the symptoms can range from mild symptoms, such as sneezing or itchy hives, to more severe symptoms, such as shortness of breath or swelling of the throat. 

Allergic reactions can potentially be life-threatening, and that is why people must understand the triggers and how to manage those symptoms in any situation. Let’s take a closer look at allergic reactions and the most helpful tips for what you should do in the event of a reaction. Having a plan in place could help you feel better faster and potentially save your life.

Insight into an Allergic Reaction

An allergic reaction occurs when the body’s immune system overreacts to a trigger. The trigger also called an allergen, can be anything from a particular food, pollen, a bee sting, or even an ingredient in a topical cream.

Keep in mind that the role of the body’s immune system is to protect it from any threat. When a person is allergic to a substance, it’s because the immune system has misidentified the substance as a threat and responds accordingly. At this point, histamines are cued to help your body get rid of the allergen.

Histamines are essentially chemicals your immune system releases to rid the body of irritants that are bothering you, such as an allergen. In an attempt to get the allergens out of your body, you may experience symptoms such as itching, watery eyes, sneezing, or whatever it takes to get the allergen out of your system.

Causes of Allergic Reactions

There are many potential causes of allergic reactions. Some of the most common types of allergens are:

  • Airborne allergens: Mold, animal dander, pollen, dust mites, cigarette smoke
  • Foods: Peanuts, eggs, milk, shellfish, wheat, soy
  • Medications: Penicillin, other antibiotics
  • Insect stings or bites: Mosquitos, bees, or wasps
  • Substances touched: Latex or cleaning products

Allergic Reaction Symptoms

Allergic reactions can cause a variety of symptoms that can range from mild to severe. The most common symptoms someone may experience include:

  • Runny nose
  • Sneezing
  • Itchy and watery eyes
  • Itchy skin
  • Raised rash
  • Coughing
  • Wheezing
  • Swollen eyes, lips, or throat
  • Pain or tenderness around the eyes

Please note that if you feel changes in your breathing, difficulty speaking, tightening of the chest, or any swelling in your face, lips, or tongue, you should immediately seek emergency medical care.

Tips on Managing an Allergic Reaction 

Surprised young woman browsing mobile phone while looking at tips for managing allergic reactions.Learning how to manage an allergic reaction can help you recover faster and seek proper treatment if needed. Let’s go over what you can do to prevent allergic reactions, what medications you can take, and what to do should you experience a severe allergic reaction.

Prevention of Allergic Reactions

One of the best things you can do for the prevention of allergic reactions is to learn your triggers and avoid them as much as possible.

Some additional prevention tips include:

  • Ask questions about ingredients in foods when eating away from home
  • Carefully read ingredient labels
  • Know about the risks of cross-contamination
  • If your child is prone to food allergies, introduce foods one at a time
  • Wear a medical ID tag with your allergy clearly marked

Additionally, if you experience signs of an allergic reaction, but aren’t sure where it comes from, then it’s important to have an allergy panel test done to narrow down the cause. If you have a known allergy, you may be at risk of having more, so it’s important to do an allergy panel to fully understand all of your allergies.

Types of allergy tests include:

  • Blood tests: Measures the levels of IgE antibodies in your blood. Individuals with allergies may have elevated levels of IgE.
  • Skin tests: A small amount of an allergen is applied to the skin to determine if the skin reacts to it.

Your doctor will work with you to identify which types of allergy tests you should have.

Allergic Reaction Medications 

In some instances, a doctor may recommend certain medications for allergic reaction symptom relief.

Some of the common medications may include:

  • Allergy shots
  • Antihistamines
  • Decongestants
  • Nasal spray
  • Eye drops
  • Inhalers
  • Epinephrine

You must discuss your options with a doctor so that you know which types of medications you should keep on hand.

Anaphylaxis

Macro Photo of Bumblebees on Yellow Sunflower.Anaphylaxis and anaphylactic shock are severe, potentially life-threatening allergic reactions. This occurs within seconds or minutes of exposure to a particular allergen, and the body responds by releasing a large number of chemicals that can cause the body to go into shock. The affected individual may experience swelling of the throat, difficulty breathing, and other more severe symptoms of allergic reaction.

It’s important that you are prepared for the possibility of anaphylactic shock by creating an action plan. For many people, this includes carrying an EpiPen, having a mobile phone on hand, and wearing medical bracelets or necklaces that mark your allergy. Be sure that you review the packaging to ensure that you and those who may be with you know how to properly administer an EpiPen.

If you experience anaphylactic shock, you should seek medical attention right away. Even if an EpiPen gets the symptoms under control, you should still be evaluated by a doctor.

Managing Allergic Reactions in Different Situations

Learning to manage allergic reactions in different situations can go a long way toward keeping yourself as healthy as possible. It also ensures that you have a game plan in the event that you have a serious reaction. Let’s go over some of the considerations you should keep in mind as you learn ways to manage allergic reactions no matter where you are.

Home

Your home is one of the most accessible places to manage your allergic reactions simply because you have more control. Here are a few at-home tips for helping keep your home a safe and healthy space:

  • Clean your home regularly, including dusting and wiping down all surfaces.
  • Be mindful of the cleaning products that you use, as some may have ingredients that could cause allergic reactions.
  • Control indoor air quality by using an air purifier with a HEPA filter to reduce dust and dust mites. Be sure to change the filter as recommended by the manufacturer.

Doing these simple things can minimize the chance of exposure to allergens that may cause you issues.

Outdoors

The outdoors can expose you to a variety of allergens, the most common being pollen and insect bites and stings. While it’s more difficult to control the outdoors, you can focus on how you interact with the outdoors so that the likeliness of exposure is greatly reduced.

Some tips for reducing your exposure to outside allergens include:

  • Avoid the outdoors on dry and windy days, as pollen is more likely to be floating in the air. Instead, go outside after a rain as the pollen is usually settled.
  • Avoid outdoor chores such as mowing grass or pulling weeds that may stir up your allergies.
  • Remove and wash clothing that you wore outdoors upon returning home.
  • Don’t hang your laundry outside to dry.
  • Consider wearing a face mask to reduce your exposure to pollen.
  • Close doors and windows when pollen counts are higher.
  • Be aware of your surroundings in areas known to have wasps and bees.
  • Consider wearing insect repellant to help avoid insect bites.

Another consideration outside of your home is when you decide to eat out. If you are eating at a restaurant or a friend or family member’s home, make sure to ask questions about the menu and also if there is any risk of cross-contamination with known allergens. Keep in mind if you have a severe allergy to certain foods, it may make it very difficult to avoid cross-contamination in public restaurants.

Traveling

Woman Wearing Blue Dress with Umbrella during Sunset.When traveling, it’s important to pack the essentials you need should you be exposed to an allergen. Consider including:

  • Allergy medications
  • Face masks
  • Insect repellent
  • Emergency allergic reaction kit

Beyond packing for the trip, make sure that you’ve thoroughly researched the destination so that you know if there is an increased risk of being exposed to an allergen such as pollen or certain insects. You may want to reach out to airlines, hotels, and restaurants to put them on alert if you have a severe allergy and to know of any additional precautions you may need to take to keep yourself safe during travel.

While it may be impossible to control every situation, you can help yourself manage allergic reactions by being as prepared as possible in different scenarios. Small considerations can have a big impact on whether or not you have a reaction and what you can do if one occurs.

Summary

While allergic reactions are common, they can sometimes be severe and potentially life-threatening in some situations. Knowing your allergic reaction triggers, learning how to manage reactions in any situation, and especially when you should seek medical care are all important if you live with allergies. Being as prepared as possible can help keep you safe.

If you are still learning about your allergies or suspect you may have one, it’s critical to reach out to your doctor. They can conduct allergy testing and help you create a strategy to help you manage your allergies. Taking preventive measures can help keep your allergies in check and give you a roadmap to follow in the event of an allergic reaction emergency.

Get your at Home Allergy Test in with Concierge MD

If you are looking for an accurate and convenient way to determine if you have an allergy, Concierge MD can help. Our team will help you do the test, review the results with you, and let you know the next step in addressing your allergy or intolerance. We offer the convenience of home test kits, with the peace of mind that your health is in the capable hands of our trained healthcare team.

Call or click the button below to make an appointment today!

References

[1] Perina DG, Gallo DR. Allergic reactions. 20 January 2015. Emergency Medical Services: Clinical Practice and Systems Oversight, Clinical Aspects of EMS, Second Edition. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118990810.ch22



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